The religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians were the dominant influence on the development of culture. The Egyptian faith was based on ancient myths, nature worship, and innumerable deities. Sumerian gods have spent their lives in the form of man-made sculptures. There was no organized set of gods; All the city-state had its own patron, churches, and the priest-kings. The Sumerians were probably the first to describe the beliefs that are the inspiration for many later Mesopotamian mythology, religion and astrology. Sumerians believed that the universe consisted of a flat disk enclosed in a tin dome. While the Mesopotamian & # 39; and there was no quit allocation of pyramids, ziggurats they use and built for religious purposes.
Both religious center of civilization. Egypt believed in many gods. The gods are believed Mesopotamia tended to absolute monarchs, whose total devotion owed to the people. Both civilizations religious leaders were given a very high status and great. Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were többistenhívõ, believed that the world was dominated by polytheists. Both civilizations believed that the gods they were created. Both cultures also believed that they themselves have created order is filled gods. Both worshipers took their name from the many gods and cults that honored the deities, and priests and religious were special garments, and made the daily sacrifices in temples and public festivals every year.
Mesopotamian religion saw the people as the servants of God who is dampened protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created all people, but also to verify the principle of Maat, or. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, in which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as Gidi (spirit). Egyptians believed that their gods of Egypt has created a kind of shelter for the good and filled with a world of chaos and confusion. The chief god of the sky much of Mesopotamia was the god Enlil; Enlil was replaced later in th e worship the Babylonian god Marduk worship. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, head of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were connected to a protective symbol of the god Sin Mesopotamia, while the Ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the top, had an outstanding representation of life in ancient Egypt. The ENUM I tell the Mesopotamian story of creation and explains how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, determine spells and charms that can be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. The ancient Nippur was the site of a major temple of Enlil, and Marduk in Babylon was the site & # 39; s shelter. Thebes and Karnak temple complex was home to the worship of Ra Amen-. In the modern world you can see the remains of the early religions of Egypt & # 39; s pyramids, tombs of the Pharaohs and Mesopotamia & # 39; and ziggurats, temples to the gods. A New Year & # 39; s Festival was a major event in the Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt & # 39; s most important festival of Opet was. Because Egypt was the "gift of the Nile" and generally prosperous and harmonious, the Egyptian gods rather reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. In contrast, the Mesopotamian religion is bleak and gloomy. Ancient Mesopotamian prayers demonstrate the lack of connections gods and goddesses who viewed humans with suspicion and frequently sent calamities to remind everyone of humanity. Such was the message found in the Gilgamesh epic.
Although religions and civilizations shared many similarities, the differences are enormous. The most significant of these is the importance of faith and the afterlife, and the relationship between the gods. Given these differences, it is believed there were other civilizations, because in the early days, civilizations revolved around their beliefs and values, but unfortunately there was no end to these great civilizations.